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Women Who Have Helped Shape The Entertainment Industry Part I

Here are some of the women who have helped shape the entertainment industry and 5 facts about each of them.

Marlene Dietrich

1. (27 December 1901 – 6 May 1992)] was a German-born American actress and singer
2. In 1999 the American Film Institute named Dietrich the ninth greatest female star of all time
3. was bisexual, enjoyed the thriving gay scene of the time and drag balls of 1920s Berlin.
4. was a fashion icon to the top designers as well as a screen icon that later stars would follow
5. once said, "I dress for myself. Not for the image, not for the public, not for the fashion, not for men."
6. The U.S. Government awarded Marlene Dietrich the Presidential Medal of Freedom for her war work. Dietrich has been quoted as saying this was the honor of which she was most proud in her life. She was also made a chevalier (later commandeur) of the Légion d'honneur by the French government.

Vivien Leigh

1. (5 November 1913 – 7 July 1967), was an English actress
2. won two Academy Awards for playing "southern belles": Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind (1939) and Blanche DuBois in the film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), a role she had also played on stage in London's West End
3. was a prolific stage performer, frequently in collaboration with her husband, Laurence Olivier, who directed her in several of her roles
4. felt that her beauty sometimes prevented her from being taken seriously as an actress
5. Affected by bipolar disorder for most of her adult life, she gained a reputation for being difficult to work with, and her career went through periods of decline.
6. recurrent bouts of chronic tuberculosis

Alice White

1. (August 24, 1904 - February 19, 1983) was an American film actress
2. has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for her contribution to Motion Pictures, at 1501 Vine Street.
3. in 1933, her career was severely damaged by a scandal that erupted over her sexual involvement with her boyfriend, actor Jack Warburton and future husband Sy Bartlett

Anita Page

1. (August 4, 1910 – September 6, 2008), was an American film actress who reached stardom in the last years of the silent film era, 1928
2. became a highly popular young star, reportedly at one point receiving the most fan mail of anyone on the MGM lot
3. was referred to as "a blond, blue-eyed Latin" and "the girl with the most beautiful face in Hollywood" in the 1920's
4. has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6116 Hollywood Boulevard.

Audrey Hepburn

1. (4 May 1929(1929-05-04) – 20 January 1993) was a British actress and humanitarian.
2. became one of the most successful film actresses in the world
3. won BAFTA Awards for her performances in The Nun's Story (1959) and Charade (1963), and received Academy Award nominations for Sabrina (1954), Breakfast at Tiffany's (1961) and Wait Until Dark (1967)
4. tarred as Eliza Doolittle in the film version of My Fair Lady (1964), becoming only the third actor to receive $1,000,000 for a film role
5. From 1988 until 1992, she worked in some of the most profoundly disadvantaged communities of Africa, South America and Asia for UNICEF
6. In 1992, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of her work as a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador

Ava Gardner

1. (December 24, 1922 – January 25, 1990) was an American actress
2. became one of Hollywood's leading actresses, admired for her beauty, and highly regarded for her acting ability
3. was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her work in Mogambo (1953). She appeared in several popular films during the 1950s, and received BAFTA Award nominations for her performances in Bhowani Junction (1956), On the Beach (1959) and The Night of the Iguana (1964).
4. is listed as one of the American Film Institute's greatest stars of all time

Barbara Stanwyck

1. (July 16, 1907 – January 20, 1990) was an American actress, a star of film and television, known during her 60-year career as a consummate and versatile professional with a strong screen presence, and a favorite of directors such as Cecil B. DeMille, Fritz Lang and Frank Capra
2. she made more than 80 films in 38 years in Hollywood, before turning to television.
3. was nominated for the Academy Award four times, and won three Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe. She was the recipient of honorary lifetime awards from the Motion Picture Academy, the Film Society of Lincoln Center, the Golden Globes, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association, and the Screen Actors Guild,
4. is ranked as the eleventh greatest female star of all time by the American Film Institute
5. has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Bette Davis

1. (April 5, 1908 – October 6, 1989) was an American actress of film, television and theatre
2. Noted for her willingness to play unsympathetic characters, she was highly regarded for her performances in a range of film genres; from contemporary crime melodramas to historical and period films and occasional comedies, though her greatest successes were her roles in romantic dramas.
3. Her forthright manner, clipped vocal style and ubiquitous cigarette contributed to a public persona which has often been imitated and satirized.
4. was the co-founder of the Hollywood Canteen, and was the first female president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences
5. received 10 nominations for the Academy Award for Best Actress and won twice, and she was the first woman to receive a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute
6. In 1999, Davis was placed second, behind Katharine Hepburn, on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest female stars of all time.

Bettie Page

1. (April 22, 1923 – December 11, 2008) was an American model who became famous in the 1950s for her fetish modeling and pin-up photos
2. one of the earliest Playmates of the Month for Playboy magazine
3. In 2006, Bettie Page and Halo Guitars collaborated to produce a limited edition of custom guitars, released at the 2007 Winter NAMM show in southern California
4. The BD-3000 luxury droid in Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith was inspired by Bettie Page

Betty Grable

1. (December 18, 1916 – July 2, 1973) was an American dancer, singer, and actress
2. Her iconic bathing suit photo made her the number-one pin-up girl of the World War II era.
3. was particularly noted for having the most beautiful legs in Hollywood and studio publicity widely dispersed photos featuring them
4. Grable's legs were famously insured by her studio for $1,000,000 with Lloyds of London.
5. has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6525 Hollywood Boulevard
6. has a star on the St. Louis Walk of Fame
7. Hugh Hefner, founder of Playboy noted on National Public Radio's Morning Edition on April 23, 2007, in an interview with Terry Gross that Grable was his inspiration for founding the Playboy empire

Carole Lombard

1. (October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) was an American actress
2. was particularly noted for her comedic roles in several classic films of the 1930s, most notably in the 1936 film My Man Godfrey
3. is listed as one of the American Film Institute's greatest stars of all time
4. was the highest-paid star in Hollywood in the late 1930s, earning around US$500,000 per year (more than five times the salary of the US President)
5. career was cut short when she died at the age of 33 in an airplane crash
6. In 1999, the American Film Institute ranked Lombard 23rd on its list of the 50 greatest American female screen legends.
7. has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 6930 Hollywood Blvd.

Clara Bow

1. (July 29, 1905 – September 27, 1965) was an American actress who rose to stardom in the silent film era of the 1920s
2. Her acting artistry and high spirits made her the premier flapper and the film It (1927) made her world famous
3. came to personify the “roaring twenties” and is described as its leading sex symbol.
4. was diagnosed with schizophrenia, although she was not hallucinatory or psychotic.
5. was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Doris Day

1. (born April 3, 1922) is an American singer, actress and animal welfare advocate
2. Able to sing, dance and play comedy and dramatic roles, she became one of the biggest box-office stars
3. has 39 films to her credit, over 75 hours of television and as one of the most prolific recording artists in history, has recorded over 650 songs
4. is an Academy Award nominee, as well as a Golden Globe and Grammy Award winner.
5. In 1989, Day received the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures
6. is currently the top ranking female box-office star of all time according to the annual Quigley Publishing poll's All-Time Number One Stars list, ranking #6 of the top ten of mostly male stars (the only other female on the list is Shirley Temple.)
7. In 1971, she co-founded Actors and Others for Animals and appeared in a series of newspaper advertisements denouncing the wearing of fur, alongside Mary Tyler Moore, Angie Dickinson, and Jayne Meadows.
8. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Day actively promoted the annual Spay Day USA, and on a number of occasions, actively lobbied the United States Congress - and, it has been suggested, Presidents Ronald Reagan and Bill Clinton - in support of legislation designed to safeguard animal rights.
9. She was long known to stop her car on the Los Angeles freeways if and when she saw an abandoned, stray or injured animal
10. In 2006, The Humane Society of the United States merged with the Doris Day Animal League

Elizabeth Taylor

1. (born 27 February 1932)is an English-born British-American actress
2. Known for her acting skills and beauty, as well as her Hollywood lifestyle, including many marriages, Taylor is considered one of the great actresses of Hollywood's golden years, as well as a larger-than-life celebrity.
3. The American Film Institute named Taylor seventh among the Greatest Female Stars of All Time
4. In 1999, Taylor was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
5. has devoted much time and energy to AIDS-related charities and fundraising
6. is a supporter of Kabbalah and member of the Kabbalah Centre.

Fay Wray

1. (September 15, 1907 – August 8, 2004) was a Canadian-American actress and the first ever scream queen, originating from her appearances in the 1932 film Doctor X and the 1933 film King Kong.
2. has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6349 Hollywood Blvd.
3. received a posthumous star on Canada's Walk of Fame in Toronto on June 5, 2005.
4. is best remembered for her role as Ann Darrow, the blonde captive of the gigantic gorilla in the classic horror/adventure film King Kong (1933). She wore a blonde wig over her naturally dark hair for the role.
5. In May 2006, Wray became one of the first four entertainers to ever be honored by Canada Post by being featured on a postage stamp.

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